Author Archives: Nola

Tech Savvy: Family History & Ancestry – Online Resources

So, as History Month draws to a close, we’d like to know if you’ve been bitten by the genealogy bug?  Are you interested in your own personal history or where your family comes from? In our library we have a dedicated public access computer for heritage and family history research.

As part of our online subscriptions in the library, you can access to explore your past.  We also have other historical books and documents in print and our Bunyip Newspaper available on microfilm for you to access via our microfilm/microfiche reader.

If you’re interested in looking through your past, check out the following links for helpful tips and hints when using Ancestry and Governmental resources.

Family Tree Magazine has a great how-to for Ancestry

The National Archives of Australia is a good place to start researching and finding information for your family history, war records and caring for your own precious documents.

If you would like some one-on-one library assistance with Family or Local History, you can book a 20 minute session at the library for Monday 5th June or Monday 3rd July (between 10.30 and 11.30 am). Phone the library on 8522 0123 or pick up a Start-up Mondays @ 10.30am brochure to find out more.

Post Contributor: Melinda Kennedy

#HistoryMonth #FamilyHistory #Ancestry #GawlerPublicLibrary #BunyipNewspaper




What’s Your Dewey? The 020s All Things Library

There is much talk about the relevance of libraries in an age when the world’s information is readily accessible in digital form – but is it true that the sum total of the world’s knowledge can be had by all, on call?  Does Google give us a level playing field when it comes to access?

There are many texts on this topic and  BiblioTech : why libraries matter more than ever in the age of Google  by John Palfrey
is one example that argues ‘anyone seeking to participate in the 21st century needs to understand how to find and use the vast stores of information available online’ and libraries are best positioned to facilitate this within our communities.

Palfrey discusses the threats posed to libraries (and therefore society) through funding cuts and argues libraries must work toward digitising print material and ensuring all digital material is readily accessible. Contents include sections on how libraries are used; what defines library spaces; librarians as networks; education;  copyright and what’s at stake if we lose libraries. Although there is a distinct USA bias to the text, anyone aware of the fate of libraries across the world will find food for thought.

Anyone who has studied the history and philosophy of knowledge, education and libraries will understand that the notion of universal access to the world’s knowledge is not new. Our attempts to manage human intellectual output can be seen in ancient times (Alexandrian Library for example) through to modern times (for example the British Library).


Cataloging the world : Paul Otlet and the birth of the information age by Alex Wright looks at the often overlooked contributions of Belgian Paul Otlet who first progressed the catalogue card as a means of bringing together records for everything recorded on paper. Otlet worked on creating a universal bibliography and developing a network of ‘electric telescopes’ that would allow anyone, anywhere, access to ‘books, newspapers, photographs, and recordings, all linked together in what he termed a réseau mondial: a worldwide web.’ A pioneering visionary, Otlet’s ideas seemed likely to come to fruition until  the Nazis took Brussels and seized his work. Cataloguing the world is an unexpectedly interesting introduction to recent library history.

It is well documented that the Nazis were responsible for ransacking and destroying many of Europe’s Libraries but in The book thieves : the Nazi looting of Europe’s libraries and the race to return a literary inheritance by Anders Rydell ; translated by Henning Koch, Rydell tells the hidden story of the Nazi appropriation of books from the libraries of Jews, Communists, Liberals, Catholics, Freemasons, and many other opposition groups, to be used as intellectual weapons against their owners. These books were not destroyed at the end of the war but found their way into the public library system from where a small team of librarians hope, to locate and reunite books to the decedents of the original owners.

Reading The book thieves… reminds us that one of the things that defines libraries are the people who work in them. In This is what a librarian looks like : a celebration of libraries, communities, and access to information for all by Kyle Cassidy, readers are presented with portraits and thoughts of 220 librarians of all ages, all backgrounds, all personalities and styles, to show us that librarians are not what we may expect. Through these vignettes, readers are treated to many perspectives of libraries over time and the people who have been influential in the field. Also included are original essays by well known authors, journalists and commentators such as John Scalzi, Nancy Pearl and Neil Gaiman.

Librarians have been known to defend the right to read throughout their history.  True stories of censorship battles in America’s libraries  edited by Valerie Nye and Kathy Barco tells the stories of several American librarians who have championed intellectual freedom and access to sometimes controversial material.  While the book addresses topics such as age-appropriateness, censorship, crime and cultural expression, some examples depicted can only be considered skirmishes. That being said, it is interesting to see ways in which we deliberately or inadvertently cull our library collections, restrict their access and thus diminish our community knowledge-base.

In this collection of stories, The book lovers’ anthology : a compendium of writing about books, readers & libraries by Alex Wright, offers answers to questions regarding the impact of books on humans and human society: Do books corrupt? and Do badly written books damage intellect? are just two examples being addressed through the thoughts, excerpts and essays of well known authors. Authors include Chaucer, Austen, Shakespeare, Milton, Eliot and Ruskin. ‘A treasure trove of apt quotations from more than 250 authors’ (Sydney Morning Herald); a bibliophile’s ‘essential anthology’ (Bodleian Library).

Of course there is more to a bibliophile’s obsession than just books, there is all the things that surround books – the paraphernalia and ephemera.  Letter to a future lover : marginalia, errata, secrets, inscriptions, and other ephemera found in libraries by Ander Monson  finds meaning in the objects and notations found in books. According to Monson, everything we’ve read, written, collected noted or discarded, defines us. This of course has implications for how we should deal with this ephemera and how in collected form, it contributes to our bank of knowledge.

Seed libraries : and other means of keeping seeds in the hands of the people by Cindy Conner is a reminder that libraries are not just about books but can be collections of items for preservation and education. Seed Libraries is a practical guide to saving seeds through community programs and includes Step-by-step instructions for setting up a seed library and ways to maintain the collection and attract patrons. It also provides examples of existing libraries. (

Although Creepy libraries by Troy Taylor is aimed at children it provides an interesting view of 11 libraries around the world that are reputed to be haunted places. Readers ‘will discover one that is home to the spirit of a young girl who is depicted in its beautiful stained-glass window, one that is filled with ghosts who are distressed because it is built on top of their burial place, and one that has now turned into a bookstore yet is haunted by library patrons of the past—as well as a phantom cat. The creepy photographs and chilling nonfiction text will keep children turning the pages to discover more spooky stories’ (

 While Creepy Libraries looks at ‘other wordly’ library occupants, Staff-less Libraries: Innovative Staff Design by Carl Gustav Johannsen considers the recent trend toward unstaffed libraries as a way to meet the challenge of decreased funding and increased demand. The book considers the pros and cons of this model and presents international experiences and examples. Contents include definitions of the ‘Open Library’ concept, historical perspectives, community profiling and technological implications. An academic text, this book is aimed at professionals and managers.

Not overly convinced of the staff-less library approach,  Improbable libraries by Alex Johnson provided an inspiring account of how librarians around the world are undaunted in overcoming financial, geographic or political challenges to reach out to those in reading need. The book showcases the changing nature of library structures and functions, with insightful interviews and over 250 colour photographs. Open-air garden libraries, pop-up libraries, mobile libraries (using bikes or camels) and the Little Free Library phenomena are all included in this exploration of these communal spaces and places that bring us together. The simple truth is … people like going to libraries. Indeed, going to the library is like getting a pay rise, according to a survey conducted in 2014 by the UK’s Department for Culture, Media and Sport. (

Nola Cavallaro


ANZAC Day During World War One – Part 4, 1917

In this last instalment of our four-part series about Anzac Day and how it was commemorated in South Australia, and Gawler, during the years immediately following the first landing at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915, you can read about the more organised Anzac Day commemorations that occurred in 1917 and 1918.

As the war dragged on with no end in sight and more reports of deaths on the battlefield, Anzac Day assumed even greater importance and reverence. Plans for the ‘celebration’ on 25 April 1917 were the responsibility of the South Australian Branch of the returned Sailors’ and Soldiers’ Imperial League of Australia¹.

The focus of the day was the military parade. Through streets decorated with bunting the parade made its way to Elder Park Reserve. ‘Pride of place’ was given to 250 soldiers who had returned from active service. They led the procession which included cadets and trainees from the Naval Reserve, training forces from Mitcham Army Camp, a field artillery unit, infantry reinforcements, military bands and the Army Medical Corps reinforcements with motor vehicles. As the parade passed the Adelaide Town Hall, the Governor of South Australia, Sir Henry Galway, took the salute².

Soldiers marching in Gouger Street, Adelaide, possibly 25 April 2017.
Source: State Library of South Australia, B53547.

Sir Henry Galway takes the salute as the Military Parade passes the Adelaide Town
Hall, 25 April 1917.
Source: State Library of South Australia, B 7334925

By April 1917, a recruiting campaign for new volunteers was well underway as the number of people volunteering had dwindled significantly during the previous year. A feature of the military parade was aimed particularly at attracting eligible men to join the Australian Imperial Force. Bringing up the rear of the procession were men of the Light Horse regiment leading fifteen riderless horses bearing signs inviting volunteers to fill the saddles and take a ‘joy ride’. Eight of the fifteen saddles were filled by the time the parade passed the Adelaide Town Hall³. Prior to the military march, four stands for encouraging volunteers to join were set up in the city. Numerous speakers appealed to all eligible men to enlist in the armed forces4.

Upon reaching Elder Park Reserve the parade participants gathered ‘on three sides of a gun-carriage draped with a Union Jack [flag]’ for the military church and commemoration service. It was attended by the Governor, dignitaries from the government and the military, and a large number of members of the public. The Governor and the Chief Secretary (on behalf of the Premier) spoke of the courage and devotion that Australian and New Zealand troops had revealed when in battle and of the great sacrifice many had made for their country and Empire5.

At noon, trains and trams stopped for two minutes to commemorate the sacrifice of the Anzacs. Operations at Government works also halted so that employees could give thanks and cheers to the ‘Anzac heroes’, the King, the Empire and the Allies6.

After the conclusion of the formalities at Elder Park Reserve, entertainment was provided for the soldiers at the Cheer-Up Hut. About 600 returned men were treated to a sit-down lunch while another 1500 soldiers were similarly entertained in grounds near the Hut7.

During the day, many ladies were out on the streets of Adelaide selling Anzac Day buttons and souvenirs on behalf of the Ladies’ Button Day Committee. More than 1300 pounds was raised for the State War Council8. In Gawler, members of the Gawler Cheer-Up Society also sold buttons. The proceeds of 25 pounds went to the Returned Sailors and Soldiers’ Association9.

The possibility of 25 April being proclaimed as a public holiday was again raised at the 1918 Congress of the Returned Sailors’ and Soldiers’ Imperial League of Australia (RSSILA) because it was regarded as the date when Australia really became involved in the war10. It was not until 1927, however, that a public holiday on 25 April was declared in all States.

During mid-April, the Federal Government had decided that 25 April should be a day of ‘national memorial’ and that the sale of ‘buttons’ should not occur nor any collections of funds11. In South Australia, the Premier asked the State War Council to make arrangements for a military parade and commemorative service on Anzac Day12. On 22 April the Federal Government reinforced its desire that 25 April be a day of ‘intercession and commemoration’13.

Organisers in South Australia acceded to the Federal Government’s request and on 25 April Anzac Day was commemorated by a military parade through city streets followed by a religious service that was held at the Exhibition Building rather than at Elder Park because of inclement weather14.

On 26 April ‘sombre thoughts of Anzac Day were dispelled … when people of all ages flocked from the suburbs’ to watch the procession of returned service men, veterans of earlier wars, military and civilian bands (including May’s Band from Gawler), members of the Light Horse Regiment and much more. With civilian participation this was more of a pageant than a military parade. Returned soldiers carrying placards and streamers encouraged enlistment by reminding the public that they should ‘pay’ because the returned soldiers had already paid their share. Fundraising was the focus of the day. The Loyal League of Women held a market on North Terrace. From the stalls they sold all manner of produce, flowers and souvenirs, the proceeds of which were given to the RSSILA15.

After the procession, the annual Anzac lunch at the Cheer-Up Hut was attended by a large number of men who served at Gallipoli. Additional commemorations were held in churches and other places in the city on 25 or 26 April and the annual dinner for about eighty members of the original landing force at Gallipoli was held at the Cheer-Up Hut on the evening of 25 April16.

In Gawler special church services at St George’s Anglican Church and the Church of the Transfiguration were held during the morning of Anzac Day and in the Congregational Church in the evening17. At midday, employees at May Bros & Co. Ltd observed two minutes silence before giving cheers for the King and the men on the battlefields18.

Post Contributor: Anne Richards


1. ‘Result of Street Sales’, The Journal, 26 April 1917, p. 1,, accessed 17 December 2015.

2. ‘Local Mems’, The Bunyip, 27 April 1917, p. 4,, accessed 17 December 2015.

3. ‘Returned Soldiers’ League’, The Advertiser, 5 March 1918, p. 6,, accessed 23 December 2015.

4. ‘Anzac Day’, Daily Herald, 13 April 1918, p. 6,, accessed 23 December 2015.

5. ‘General News’, The Advertiser, 20 April 1918, p. 8,, accessed 23 December 2015.

6. ‘General News’, The Advertiser, 22 April 1918, p. 6,, accessed 23 December 2015.

7. ‘Anzac Day’, The Advertiser, 26 April 1918, p. 7,, accessed 22 December 2015./

8. ‘Remember Anzac’, The Express and Telegraph, 26 April 1918, p. 1,, Accessed 23 December 2015.

9.  ‘Anzac Day’, The Advertiser, 26 April 1918, p. 7,, accessed 22 December 2015.

10.  ‘Local Celebrations’, The Bunyip, 26 April 1918, p. 3,, accessed 20 November 2015.

11. Ibid.

12. ‘The Fame of Anzac’, The Express and Telegraph, 25 April 1917, p. 1.

13. ‘Australia’s Great Day’, The Advertiser, 25 April 1917, p. 7,, accessed 17 December 2015.

14. ‘A Cheer-Up Luncheon’, The Journal, 25 April 1917, p. 1,, accessed 17 December 2015.

15. Ibid.

16. ‘Recruiting Campaign’, The Register, 21 April 1917, p. 10,, accessed 17 December 2015.

17. ‘The Fame of Anzac’, The Express and Telegraph, 25 April 1917, p. 1,, accessed 17 December 2015.

18. Ibid.

A-Z Apps Series – Fun and Games

So in our A-Z of Apps series we’ve reached F and that can only mean FUN!  It’s time to look at the fun apps you can download on your device, of which there are literally hundreds, if not thousands! Some of the most popular that the staff here in the library can think of, are puzzle games like Solitaire, Hearts and Sudoku or more video game types like Fruit Ninja, Pokemon, and of course there’s Angry Birds in all it’s forms, Star Wars especially.

The Australian government have created many apps (, with a few that are for fun.  Although these are secretly educational, they are developed using historical data from Government bodies such as Australian Bureau of Statistics and Murray Darling Basin Authority, they’re actually quite fun! Run that Town (iOS iTunes App Store –, Run the River (iOS iTunes App Store & Google Play – and Triple Zero Kids Challenge (iOS iTunes App Store & Google Play – are all free apps.

Run that Town gives players the opportunity to try their hand at being the newly elected Mayor of your very own town.  Using real Australian Postal codes to play any town in Australia, you can make the decisions about whether you build a new skate park, cinema, statue, park or offices.  You get hundreds of projects to choose from and you will receive feedback from your constituents about how they feel regarding your leadership choices.  The game won’t keep you hooked forever but it is fun for awhile, especially when you get to see the regular newspaper articles and the amusing headlines.

Run the River is about an important river region and you have got to decide how to keep everyone from the plants and animals to the people, farms and towns that live along the banks thriving, despite challenges provided by historical data from the Murray Darling Basin Authority.  In Australia, water is a scarce commodity and when you’re trying to share this around, you still need to keep it flowing and connected to the ocean. This game also links with outcomes from the Australian Geography and Science Curricula, which means it can be used in classrooms for teaching in a fun way.

The Australian Government created the app; Triple Zero Challenge especially for young primary school children to help them understand emergency situations.  The Triple Zero Kids Challenge is available on mobile devices (iOS iTunes App Store & Google Play) and your desktop PC for free. It runs through a story with two characters showing the participants what to do in an emergency.

Puzzle games are plentiful on all the different app stores.  You can choose so many different ways to play your old favourites of Hearts, Solitaire, Sudoku and more.  There are iterations of our favourite puzzle apps created for words like; Words with Friends – a social version of scrabble (FREE iOS iTunes App Store & Google Play –;

Typeshift – letter-flipping word fun (FREE iOS iTunes App Store only –;

4 Pics 1 Word – find the hidden word in the four images (FREE iOS iTunes App Store & Google Play –; Word Searches and many, many more!

Some of the more video game type apps are; Angry Birds in all it’s forms from the original to Rio and Star Wars (FREE & Paid versions – iOS iTunes App Store & Google Play –;

Where’s My Water? and many others from Disney (FREE & Paid versions – iOS iTunes App Store & Google Play –;

Pokémon Go (FREE – iOS iTunes App Store –;

The Sims FreePlay (FREE & Paid versions – iOS iTunes App Store & Google Play –; not to mention the plethora of war and strategy games on offer.

There are endless choices from all the app stores for ways for you to have fun on your devices. What’s your guilty pleasure?  Have a favourite addiction you can’t stay away from?

Post Contributor: Melinda Kennedy

#AustralianEmergencyServices #AngryBirds #GameApps #Puzzles #FruitNinja #PokemonGo #RunThatTown #RunTheRiver #FunApps #iOS #Android


Gawler Short Story Competition Now Open

The 2017 Gawler Short Story Competition is now open for entries. This year’s theme is Freedom, to tie in with the Gawler Festival of Words held in July this year. Details are on the entry form below.

To download the entry form, select each page separately and either save/print, copy/paste/print or email them to yourself. You can also pick up an entry form from the library or the library website.